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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47-51

Stem cells: A boon in dentistry

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, K.V.G. Dental College and Hospital, Sullia, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, K.V.G. Dental College and Hospital, Sullia, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Dentistry, Al Hilal Hospital, Muharraq, Kingdom of Bahrain
4 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Shri Bankey Bihari Dental College and Research Centre, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
5 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Swami Devi Dayal Hospital and Dental College, Panchkula, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. N Deepika
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, K.V.G. Dental College and Hospital, Sullia, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2348-2915.154654

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In recent years, there has been a remarkable interest in stem cells within the dental and medical community mainly because of their capability of self-renewal and multiple lineage differentiation. Due to its multipotent properties, stem cells have been employed in the regeneration of body parts and curing various diseases. Stem cells have been isolated from oral and maxillofacial region including tooth, gingiva, periodontium and oral mucosa. Stem cell research and therapy may be used as an alternative to current conventional methods of restoring tooth and craniofacial defects. The objective of this literature review is to provide an overview of the different types of stem cells and their origin and characteristics features and its applications in dentistry. The literature search included PubMed, other indexed journals, and online material.

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