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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 65-68

Relationship Between Malocclusion and Temporomandibualr Disorders Among 12-18 Year Old Adolescents in Davangere City-A Cross Sectional Survey


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Dayananda Sagar Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
B K Sujatha
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_23_18

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Introduction: Masticatory system consists of the organs and structures primarily functioning in mastication. Health-care professionals are faced with the stark reality that the most common reason for which the patients seek medical care is due to pain or dysfunction. Even today, the relationship between malocclusion and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) remains controversial. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between malocclusion and TMD in a selected sample of 12—18-year-old school and college going adolescents in Davangere city. Materials and Methods: An observational, cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1600 school and college-going adolescents using a self-structured pro forma to record general information, the examination of malocclusion according to the Dental Aesthetic Index introduced by Cons et al. which was adopted by WHO, examination of TMD as per the WHO guidelines, and perceived stress scale by Sheldon Cohen. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square test, Z-test using SPSS software version 18, IBM, Chicago, USA. A statistical significance level was fixed at P ≤ 0.05. Results: Out of 1600 participants, 47.3% were found to have malocclusion, and 52.7% were found to have no malocclusion, and there was a statistically significant relationship between malocclusion and TMD (P = 0.002) with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.54 and confidence interval (CI) = 1.2—2.0. Conclusion: The prevalence of malocclusion was found to be 47.3% which was significantly higher in females when compared to males, and there was a statistically significant relationship between malocclusion and TMD (P = 0.002) with an OR of 1.54 and CI = 1.2—2.0.


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