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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 42-49

Knowledge, attitude, and practices toward oral hygiene among students of medhanealem high school, addis ababa, Ethiopia

1 Department of Nursing, Kea Med Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2 St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Correspondence Address:
Tariku Shimels
St. Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_6_20

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Introduction: Poor oral health can affect a person's day today as well as overall quality of life. Discomforts from experience of pain, problems with eating and chewing, embarrassment about the shape, and missing, discolored, or damaged teeth can adversely affect peoples' daily lives and well-being. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of oral hygiene among preparatory students of Medhanealem High School in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire from June to September 2019 in Medhanealem High School, Addis Ababa. Data were analyzed using SPSS v. 20, and a descriptive statistics was employed to present results on KAPs of high school students toward oral hygiene. Results: A total of 320 students have participated in the study, of whom 207 (64.7%) were female. The study revealed that 201 (62.8%) of the respondents had a poor knowledge with regard to oral hygiene, about half (52.1%) of the students had a negative attitude toward oral hygiene, and their oral hygiene practices were still low that 193 (60.4%) of the students reported inadequate practice. The chewed stick (Mefakiya) is the most common oral hygiene aid used for cleaning teeth, which was adopted by 134 (51%) students. Conclusions: The study showed that oral hygiene KAP among the secondary school students in Medhanealem Preparatory School were not satisfactory. The findings of this study suggest that awareness on the importance of oral hygiene needs to be enhanced along with regular education.

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