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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 49-52

Visual acuity of school age children in selected schools of pimpri chinchwad metropolitan corporation: A cross sectional study

1 Department of Child Health Nursing, Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Nursing, Pimpri, Maharashtra, India
2 Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Department of Opthalmology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Priya Devarajan
Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Nursing, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_55_19

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Background: Vision plays a vital role in the reading process. Refractive error leading to low vision is undiagnosed for long periods. The World Health Organization has grouped uncorrected refractive error with trachoma, ocular trauma, infectious diseases, and Vitamin A deficiency among the leading causes of blindness and vision impairment. Aims and Objectives: This study aims to assess the visual acuity of school-age children. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study, using a stratified random sampling technique with 225 samples. Snellen visual acuity chart was used to check visual acuity. Results: Nearly 83.6% of the school-age children had Grade I visual acuity, 16% of them had Grade II, and 0.4% of them had Grade III visual acuity. Almost 96.4% of the school-age children had Grade II (±−<3) refractive error and 3.6% of the school-age children had Grade I (no refractive error) refractive error. Conclusion: School screening is recommended for early detection and management of visual problem. Students, teachers, and parents must be educated about the early detection of refractive errors and its correction to prevent the progression of visual impairment.

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