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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 65-68

Effect of cervical muscle strengthening and ocular muscle training among students with smartphone adversity

1 Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Orthoptics, Ocular Motility and Binocular Vision, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Mayura P Deshmukh
Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Physiotherapy, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_73_19

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Background: Neck pain and visual disturbances are the major adversity observed among the smartphone users. Neck pain is frequently treated but visual impairments are often overlooked. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of cervical muscle strengthening and ocular muscle training among students with smartphone adversity. Materials and Methodology: Thirty smartphone users including both male and female having neck pain and visual impairment (smartphone adversity) were recruited for the study. Four types of cervical muscle strengthening exercise repeated five times and four types of ocular muscle training were performed by the students for 2 weeks once a day. Pre- and post outcome measures (ocular surface disease index [OSDI] and pressure biofeedback) were assessed. Results: The pressure biofeedback reading pre intervention was 23.3 ± 1.11 and postintervention was 28.1 ± 1.96. The pre-OSDI score was 20.3 ± 5.5 which reduced to 7.7 ± 3.07 post intervention. There was a statistically significant difference for both the outcome measures. Conclusion: Cervical muscle strengthening and ocular muscle training are effective for the students having smartphone adversity.

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