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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-48

Assessment of dental caries and interrelationship with sugar exposure in rural population visiting a dental college

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Bhojia Dental College and Hospital, Baddi, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Avijit Avasthi
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Bhojia Dental College and Hospital, Baddi, Himachal Pradesh - 173 205
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_170_21

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Objective: The observational study intended to estimate dental caries and check the interrelationship of sugar exposure with dental caries in people seeking dental treatment in a Dental College. Materials and Methods: Subjects were clinically assessed for dental caries and a semi-structured close-ended questionnaire was used in recording sugar consumption among the participants. Descriptive statistics was generated in frequency and percentage. Comparison of sugar consumption in relation to age, gender, and marital status was done using Unpaired T-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Correlation was explored between sugar consumption and dental caries by applying one-way ANOVA. Results: Total mean decay-missing-filled (DMF) was 3.82 ± 4.53 interquartile range (2–4). 76.6% had decayed teeth, followed by 38.1% having missing teeth and scantly quarter (21%) of subjects had undergone restorative treatment. Females had a high mean DMF score in comparison to males with nonsignificant difference. Tooth morbidity was more predominately confined to first molars and second molars. Married subjects fared poor in mean DMF with statistically significant (P < 0.002) effect in comparison to unmarried subjects. Edentulism advanced with age and the frequent intake of sugar in between meals worsened the total mean DMF.

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