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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 59-65

Ameloblastoma of the jaws: A retrospective observational study of 131 cases at a tertiary level hospital in Bangladesh

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rajshahi Medical College, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dhaka Dental College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Correspondence Address:
A F. M Shakilur Rahman
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Rajshahi Medical College, Rajshahi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_181_21

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Aim: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the incidence, radiological features, histological variant, and different treatment options of patients with ameloblastoma of the jaws treated at a tertiary-level hospital in Bangladesh. Materials and Methods: Age, gender, tumor location, radiologic features, histological pattern, and treatment modalities were all evaluated in this retrospective observational study. The frequency and percentages of these study variables were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: A total of 131 patients were included in this study, 66 of them were female, with a male-to-female ratio of 1:1.01. The patients had a wide age range from 4 to 70 years, a mean age (±standard deviation) of 26.61 (±13.34) years, and a significant incidence in the third decade of life. The left side of the jaws was the most frequently involved site. The mandible (n = 125, 95.42%) was the most frequently affected site, with the body–angle–ramus (n = 73, 58.5%) area being the most frequently involved location. Multilocular radiolucency was seen in most cases (n = 73, 55.73%) on radiography. The most common histological pattern (n = 71, 54.2%) was follicular. The most preferred treatment was the dredging (n = 90, 68.70%) method. The recurrence rate of the dredging treatment method was 5.56%. Conclusions: Ameloblastoma was found to be more common in patients in their third decade of life, with a wide age range. The follicular ameloblastoma was the predominant histological type, with most of them occurring in the mandible's body–angle–ramus area. Most of the patients were treated by the dredging method.

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