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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 249-256

Bidirectional Relationship between Oral Health and Diabetes Mellitus: A Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Survey

1 Faculty of Dentistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Deepika Bablani Popli
Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar Marg, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi - 110 025
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdrr.jdrr_113_22

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Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease, known to be associated with several oral complications. A less well-known, but proven bidirectional relationship exists between diabetes and oral health, where one affects the other. Previous studies have shown a lack of awareness about this two-way relationship. This Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) study was undertaken to identify the gaps in awareness about diabetes mellitus and its association with oral health. Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the KAPs of diabetics and nondiabetics (ND) regarding the bidirectional relationship between diabetes and oral health. Methodology: This study was conducted at a tertiary dental care institute wherein 75 diabetics, both Type I and II and 75 ND were enrolled. A questionnaire was administered by the investigators, in which responses to various questions regarding their demographics, KAPs in the context of oral health and diabetes were collected. The Chi-Square test was utilized for statistical analysis. Results: 27.3% of respondents had no knowledge about the bidirectional relationship between diabetes and oral health. Although the majority (69.3%) considered regular dental check-ups to be important for good oral health, they were found to be lacking in their practices, where 51.3% followed once a day brushing routine and 71.3% did not know about flossing or interdental cleaning. Conclusion: The study highlights the gaps in KAPs of people regarding the bidirectional relationship between diabetes and oral health and thus emphasizes the need for educational interventions at the community level.

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